When it’s time to put in a brand new model of macOS or obtain a brand new replace, practically everybody turns to the Mac App Retailer to begin the method. Whereas the App Retailer makes OS installations straightforward and comparatively painless, it doesn’t at all times work—and it could be time to show to Terminal (and slightly creativity) as an alternative.
Terminal is very useful in the event you’re making an attempt to put in older variations of macOS or OS X, lots of that are technically accessible from the Mac App Retailer however might be listed as “unavailable” if you attempt to obtain. You won’t have the ability to seize them this fashion, however Terminal can do the legwork for you.
The best way to use Terminal to obtain macOS updates and set up information
We’ll concentrate on two particular instructions on this information: One which downloads the most recent macOS replace, and one other that can allow you to obtain older macOS or OS X construct, as detailed by 512 Pixels and the JAMF open supply group on GitHub. Doing so requires a bit extra work than merely clicking via the App Retailer, however don’t fear—terminal instructions might look daunting in the event you’re new to them, however the ones we’ll be utilizing are easy to execute. Right here’s how:
- Start opening macOS Catalina’s Terminal by going to Finder > Purposes > Utilities > Terminal.
- Sort one of many following instructions into Terminal:
- To obtain the most recent macOS replace , sort:
- To obtain older builds of macOS, sort:
softwareupdate —fetch-full-installer [build number](for instance: “softwareupdate —fetch-full-installer 10.14.5″)
- Press the “Return/Enter” key to carry out the command.
- The set up file will obtain to your Mac’s Purposes folder. Open the file to start the set up, after which observe the on-screen directions to finish the replace (or rollback).
Keep in mind that not all variations of macOS or OS X could be downloaded this fashion, and a few variations are solely appropriate with sure Mac . Nonetheless, this could work simply wonderful for snagging the most recent macOS updates, and it’s best to have the ability to obtain a number of older macOS and OS X releases (probably way back to OS X Yosemite).
For superior customers, it’s additionally value mentioning these aren’t the one Terminal instructions you should utilize to vary or replace your Mac’s OS, and yow will discover a lot extra to play with on the JAMF group Github web page.